Feb. 16, 2023 The National Academy of Sciences recognizes Buschman for his groundbreaking insights into the neural mechanisms of cognitive control, particularly how these mechanisms relate to attention and working memory. Buschman’s research combines cutting-edge experimental and theoretical approaches to provide a deeper understanding of how cognition arises from the dynamic interactions of populations of neurons. He has provided unique insight into the neural and computational mechanisms that are of central importance to cognitive psychology models of working memory, attention, and goal-directed behavior. In parallel to this work, he and his research team are also making pioneering discoveries about principles of neural coding that underlie high-level cognition. Two Troland Research Awards of $75,000 are given annually to recognize unusual achievement by early-career researchers (preferably 45 years of age or younger) and to further empirical research within the broad spectrum of experimental psychology. The Troland Research Award was established by a trust created in 1931 by the bequest of Leonard T. Troland.